Micromechatronics, Inc. (MMech)

Your development partner in electro-mechanical systems

SR Ring Stack Actuators

150V Piezoelectric Ring Stack Actuators


keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth


Part NumberSR080410SR080418SR120610SR120620
Range +/- 10% 14 um 28 um 14 um 30 um
Length 10 mm 18 mm 10 mm 20 mm
OD 8 mm 8 mm 12 mm 12 mm
ID 4.5 mm 4.5 mm 6 mm 6 mm
Cap. +/- 20% 0.8 uF 1.6 uF 2.4 uF 5.0 uF
Blocking Force 1300N 1300N 3000N 3000N
Stiffness 130 N/um 65 N/um 220 N/um 100 N/um
Res. Freq. 150 kHz 83 kHz 150 kHz 75 kHz
Mass 3.0 g 5.0 g 6.7 g 12.9 g


The SR family of ring stack actuators are high performance multilayer actuators with a vacuum compatible polymer coating and a large central aperture. The SR rings stacks are perfectly matched to the range of PiezoDrive amplifiers and driver modules. Applications include: Optics, Microscopy, Nanopositioning, and Precision machining.



Stack actuators should not be exposed to significant tensile loads, unequally distributed loads, off-axis loads, bending moments, or torque.


The maximum recommended tensile load is 10% of the blocking force. In applications that require bi-directional forces or high speed motion, a preload force is recommended with a magnitude greater than the maximum tensile load. This gaurantees that the actuator is always in compression. The maximum recommended preload is 50% of the blocking force.


The range is specified for an applied voltage of -30V to +150V. If the input voltage is unipolar (0V to +150V) the specified range is reduced by a factor of 0.75. When a stack actuator is driving a stiff spring, the range is reduced by the factor

Spring Factor sm

where kp is the actuator stiffness and kL is the load stiffness.

The travel range can also be reduced by restraining the end plates, e.g. by bonding the actuator to a stiff base. This effect is most significant in actuators with a length less than twice the outside diameter.


The actuator capacitance is the small-signal capacitance measured at room temperature. Due to hysteresis, the effective capacitance increases with applied voltage. When operating at full range, the effective capacitance is approximately twice the small-signal capacitance. The capacitance also increases with temperature. A temperature increase of approximately 50 degrees C will double the effective capacitance.


Piezoelectric actuators dissipate heat when driven at full range with a high frequency. PiezoDrive actuators can be operated continuously at temperatures up to 85 degrees C. Continuous operation beyond this temperature may damage the actuator.

The dissipated heat is approximately 10% of the applied electrical power. For a sine-wave, the applied electrical power is:

Applied Power rings sm

Electrical Current Requirements

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth

The required current is I=C dV/dt where I is the current, C is the effective capacitance, and dV/dt is the voltage rate of change. For a sine-wave, the required peak current is equal to:

Sine wave Peak Curr sm

where Vp-p is the peak-to-peak voltage. For a triangle wave, the required peak current is equal to:

Tri wave Peak Curr sm

Recommended Drivers

PDm200B General purpose, low cost
MX200 High Current, Low noise, low cost
PDu150 Ultra-low noise
PD200 High speed, low noise
PX200 High current, low noise


Connecting Wires

All of the connecting wires are 100mm AWG26 PTFE insulated wires. Other lengths are available on request. Red identifies the positive terminal.

Vacuum Compatibility

The SR Actuators are supplied with a vacuum compatible UV cured lacquer coating which meets the outgassing requirements for NASA SP-R-0022A.

Options / OEM Customization

  • Custom range and dimensions
  • Custom wiring arrangement/connectors
  • Preload or mechanical amplifier mechanisms

Piezoelectric Properties

The piezoelectric material is similar to PZT-5H and Navy Type VI.

Piezoelectric constants d33 600 10-12m/V
d31 -270 10-12m/V
g33 19.4 10-3Vm/N
g31 -9.2 10-3Vm/N


coupling coefficients

Kp 0.65 NA
Kt 0.37 NA
K31 0.38 NA
Frequency constant Np 1980 Hz-m
Nt 1950 Hz-m
N31 1450 Hz-m
Elastic constant Y33 5.3 1010N/m2
Y11 7.2 1010N/m2
Q Factor Qm 80 NA
Dielectric constant e33/e0 3500 @1 kHz
Dissipation fator tan δ 2.5 % @1 kHz
Curie Temperature Tc 220 C
Density ρ 7.8 g/cm3

More Information

101 Innovation Blvd. Suite 308
State College, PA 16803, USA
Ph: (814)-861-5688